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jueves, 27 de noviembre de 2014

THANKSGIVING DAY 27th NOVEMBER 2014

Thanksgiving Day Prayers
Thanksgiving is the time to pray and thank God for his continuous grace. Families offer group prayers both in church as well as homes. Customary Thanksgiving prayer before the Thanksgiving feast is quite popular. Some prayers said during Thanksgiving Day are as follows:

Thanksgiving For each new morning with its light,
For rest and shelter of the night,
For health and food,
For love and friends,
For everything Thy goodness sends.

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

ORIGIN
Thanksgiving is America's preeminent day. It is celebrated every year on the fourth Thursday in the month of November. It has a very interesting history. Its origin can be traced back to the 16th century when the first thanksgiving dinner is said to have taken place.

Journey of Pilgrims
The legendary pilgrims, crossed the Atlantic in the year 1620 in Mayflower-A 17th Century sailing vessel. About 102 people traveled for nearly two months with extreme difficulty. This was so because they were kept in the cargo space of the sailing vessel. No one was allowed to go on the deck due to terrible storms. The pilgrims comforted themselves by singing Psalms- a sacred song.

Arrival in Plymouth
The pilgrims reached Plymouth rock on December 11th 1620, after a sea journey of 66 days. Though the original destination was somewhere in the northern part of Virginia, they could not reach the place owing to winds blowing them off course. Nearly46 pilgrims died due to extreme cold in winter. However, in the spring of 1621, Squanto, a native Indian taught the pilgrims to survive by growing food.

Day of Fasting and Prayer
In the summer of 1621, owing to severe drought, pilgrims called for a day of fasting and prayer to please God and ask for a bountiful harvest in the coming season. God answered their prayers and it rained at the end of the day. It saved the corn crops.

Turkey and First Thanksgiving Feast
There is no evidence to prove if the customary turkey was a part of the initial feast. According to the first hand account written by the leader of the colony, the food included, ducks, geese, venison, fish, berries etc.

Pumpkin and Thanksgiving Feast
Pumpkin pie, a modern staple adorning every dinner table, is unlikely to have been a part of the first thanksgiving feast. Pilgrims however, did have boiled pumpkin. Diminishing supply of flour led to the absence of any kind of bread. After a number of events and changes, President Lincoln proclaimed last Thursday in November of thanksgiving in the year 1863.
PRACTISE THE PAST SIMPLE IN THE HISTORY OF THANKSGIVING



PAST SIMPLE III_ I DIDN'T DO IT!


Here you have more exercises to practice with the regular verbs:


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SIMPLE PAST II- DID YOU DO...?

  1. Exercise
  2. Exercise
  3. Exercise
  4. Exercise
  5. Exercise
  6. Exercise
  7. Write negative sentences
  8. Write negative sentences
  9. Write affirmative sentences
  10. Write affirmative sentences
  11. Write interrogative sentences
  12. Write interrogative sentences
  13. Wh-Questions
  14. Wh-Questions
  15. Wh-Questions: Order the words to make questions
  16. Who Subject questions: Order the words to make questions
  17. Who Subjects questions
  18. Pronunciation: /t/ /d/ /id/
  19. Hangman game for verbs
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THE SIMPLE PAST



The Simple Past is used to talk about actions or situations in the past. It is also called Past Simple.


These words tell you what tense you have to use. For the Simple Past these are expressions of time in the past.

yesterday
last week
a month ago
in 2012

HOW TO FORM THE SIMPLE PAST

- with regular verbs: infinitive + -ed 

- with irregular verbs: 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbs

Affirmative sentences:

Use the same form of the verb every time regardless the subject.
regular verbsirregular verbs
played football.went to the supermarket.

Negative sentences:

Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of do) every time regardless the subject.
regular verbsirregular verbs
did not play football.did not go to the supermarket.
NOTE: Short forms in negative sentences in the Simple Past are used quite often.
regular verbsirregular verbs
didn't play football.didn't go to the supermarket.

Questions:

Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of do) every time regardless the subject.
regular verbsirregular verbs
Did you play football?Did I go to the supermarket?

SIMPLE PAST - SPELLING

You have to know all forms of the irregular verbs very well. For the Simple Past you need the form of the verb which can be found in the 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbs.
go - went - gone
Add -ed with regular verbs.

regular verbs
infinitive + -ed
Sometimes the are exceptions in spelling when adding -ed.

1) consonant after short, stressed vowel at the end of the word

Double the consonant.
stop – stopped
swap - swapped
If the consonant is not stressed, we do not double it:
benefit - benefited (Here we stress the first 'e', not the 'i'.) In British English we double one -l at the end of the word:
travel - travelled

2) one -e at the end of the word

Add only -d.
love – loved
save – saved

3) verbs ending in -y

verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a vowel (a, e, i, o, u): Add -ed.
Example:
I play - he played
verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a consonant: Change 'y' to 'i' Then add -ed.
Example:
I hurry - he hurried

Now practice with some exercises:





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IRREGULAR VERBS EXERCISES












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THANKSGIVING ACTIVITIES


THANKSGIVING POEMS AND ACTIVITIES

THANKSGIVIN MEMORY GAME

THANKSGIVING STORY

THANKSGIVING DAY

IRREGULAR VERBS PROJECT


THANKSGIVING INTERACTIVE BOOK

Learn more about Thanksgiving with this interactive book !




THANKSGIVING DAY 27th NOVEMBER 2014

Thanksgiving Day in the United States is a holiday on the fourth Thursday of November. It precedes Black Friday.


What do people do?

Thanksgiving Day is traditionally a day for families and friends to get together for a special meal. The meal often includes a turkey, stuffing, potatoes, cranberry sauce, gravy, pumpkin pie, and vegetables. Thanksgiving Day is a time for many people to give thanks for what they have.
Thanksgiving Day parades are held in some cities and towns on or around Thanksgiving Day. Some parades or festivities also mark the opening of the Christmas shopping season. Some people have a four-day weekend so it is a popular time for trips and to visit family and friends.

Background

Thanksgiving Day has been an annual holiday in the United States since 1863. Not everyone sees Thanksgiving Day as a cause for celebration. Each year since 1970, a group of Native Americans and their supporters have staged a protest for a National Day of Mourning at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts on Thanksgiving Day. American Indian Heritage Day is also observed at this time of the year.
There are claims that the first Thanksgiving Day was held in the city of El Paso, Texas in 1598. Another early event was held in 1619 in the Virginia Colony. Many people trace the origins of the modern Thanksgiving Day to the harvest celebration that the Pilgrims held in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621. However, their first true thanksgiving was in 1623, when they gave thanks for rain that ended a drought. These early thanksgivings took the form of a special church service, rather than a feast.
In the second half of the 1600s, thanksgivings after the harvest became more common and started to become annual events. However, it was celebrated on different days in different communities and in some places there were more than one thanksgiving each year. George Washington, the first president of the United States, proclaimed the first national Thanksgiving Day in 1789.
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