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martes, 23 de junio de 2015

MIDSUMMER'S EVE IN SPAIN

The traditional midsummer party in Spain is the celebration in honour of San Juan (St. John the Baptist) and takes place in the evening of June 23. It is common in many areas of the country. Parties are organised usually at beaches, where bonfires are lit and a set of firework displays usually take place. On the Mediterranean coast, especially in Catalonia and València, special meals like Coca de Sant Joan are also served on this occasion. In Alicante, since 1928, the bonfires of Saint John were developed into elaborate constructions inspired by the Fallas of Valencia.

Midsummer tradition is also especially strong in northern areas of the country, such as Galicia, where one can easily identify the rituals that reveal the pagan beliefs widespread throughout Europe in Neolithic times. These beliefs pivot on three basic ideas: the importance of medicinal plants, especially in relation to health, youth and beauty; the protective character of fire to ward men off evil spirits and witches and, finally, the purifying, miraculous effects of water.

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SAINT JOHN THE BAPTIST DAY AND EVE

The evening of 23 JuneSt John's Eve, is the eve of celebration before the Feast Day of St John the Baptist. The Gospel of Luke (Luke 1:36, 56–57) states that John was born about six months before Jesus, therefore the feast of John the Baptist was fixed on 24 June six months before Christmas. This feast day is one of the very few saints' days to mark the supposed anniversary of the birth, rather than the death, of the saint commemorated.
The Feast of St John coincides with the June solstice also referred to as Midsummer. The Christian holy day is fixed at 24 June but in some countries, festivities are celebrated the night before on St John's Eve.




What do people do?
Saint John the Baptist Day is celebrated in many villages and towns. Many events take place on the evening of June 23. People celebrate Saint John the Baptist Day by:
  • Lighting bonfires, jumping over small fires (correfocs) and setting off fireworks.
  • Writing wishes or sins on a piece of paper and burning the paper.
  • Diving or bathing in dew, a stream, a river or the sea.
  • Staying awake all night near a small fire.
  • Watching the sun rise on the morning of June 24.
  • Collecting and cooking with the herbs thyme, rosemary and verbena.
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sábado, 20 de junio de 2015

JUNE 20th IS E DAY, THE DAY OF THE SPANISH LANGUAGE



Resultado de imagen de e day 2015 the day of the spanish languageIn over 70 centers worldwide, the Instituto Cervantes celebrates the Spanish language on June 21st, the fourth annual Día E or Día del Español (Spanish Day). Spoken by 500 million people, Spanish is the official language of over 20 nations. This celebration promotes an ongoing effort to raise awareness about the importance of Spanish and to establish a meeting point for all Spanish speakers. The main objective is to recognize Spanish as an international language of communication. We celebrate its diversity & capacity to cultivate society with an entire day of exciting activities that honor Spanish as a means of international communication. We invite everybody to join us in celebrating this special day. 
For more information go to: http://www.eldiae.es/



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MIDSUMMER'S EVE

Midsummer Eve is fast approaching. Midsummer may simply refer to the period of time centered upon the summer solstice, but more often refers to specific European celebrations that accompany the actual solstice, or that take place around the 24th of June and the preceding evening. The exact dates vary between cultures.
European midsummer-related holidays, traditions, and celebrations are pre-Christian in origin.

When is Midsummer's Day?
Midsummer's Day, the middle of summer, falls on on 24 June, after the longest day (Summer Solstice). Before the change of calendars, Midsummer's day fell on 5 July.
Why are Midsummer's Day and the Summer Solstice not on the same day?
The longest day in the northern hemisphere is today either the 20th or 21st of June, whilst Midsummer's Day in Europe is traditionally on 24 June.This discrepancy is said to have been caused by the variants of the Julian Calendar and the Tropical Year further confused by the Gregorian Calendar.
What used to happen on Midsummer's Eve?
Midsummer's Eve is a time associated with witches, magic, fairies and dancing.On the eve of Midsummer's Day, many bonfires were lit all over the country. This was in praise of the sun, for the days were getting shorter and the sun appeared to be getting weaker, so people would light fires to try and strengthen the sun.
Midsummer's Eve today
Practice of this ancient ritual, which also includes a Summer Solstice Circle Dance, is now mainly confined to Cornwall, the West Country, and London's Hampstead Heath.
Midsummer's Superstitions
Roses are of special importance on Midsummer's Eve. It is said that any rose picked on Midsummer's Eve, or Midsummer's Day will keep fresh until Christmas.
At midnight on Midsummer's Eve, young girls should scatter rose petals before them and say:

Rose leaves, rose leaves,
Rose leaves I strew.
He that will love me
Come after me now.

Then the next day, Midsummer's Day, their true love will visit them.

martes, 16 de junio de 2015

ROYAL ASCOT : 16th - 20tht JUNE_2015


The centrepiece of Ascot’s year, Royal Ascot is one of Europe's most famous race meetings, and dates back to 1711 when it was founded by Queen Anne. Every year Royal Ascot is attended by HM Elizabeth II and various members of the British Royal Family such as The Prince of Wales, arriving each day in a horse-drawn carriage with the Royal procession taking place at the start of each race day and the raising of the Queens royal Standard. It is a major event in the British social calendar, and press coverage of the attendees and what they are wearing often exceeds coverage of the actual racing. There are 3 enclosures attended by guests on Royal Ascot week.
 The Dress is strictly enforced, for Ladies only a day dress with a hat or fascinator is acceptable with rules applying to the length of the dress and ladies must not show bare midriffs or shoulders. For gentlemen a black or grey morning dress with top hat.
Over 300,000 people make the annual visit to Berkshire during Royal Ascot week, making this Europe’s best-attended race meeting. This leads to a split among racing fans, some of whom are glad to see racing in the spotlight, and getting more attention, while others do not like the meeting despite the quality of racing.
There are 16 Group races on offer, with at least one Group One event on each of the five days. The Ascot Gold Cup is on Ladies' Day on the Thursday. There is over £3,000,000 of prize money on offer.

WEB INFORMATION



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HAPPY BLOOMSDAY




June the 16th is Bloomsday when Ireland celebrates the life of James Joyce. Bloomsday is a commemoration observed annually in Dublin and elsewhere in the world to celebrate the life of Irish writer James Joyce and recall the events in his novel Ulysses, all of which took place on the same day in Dublin in 1904. Joyce chose the date because his first outing with his wife-to-be, Nora Barnacle happened on that day. The name derives from Leopold Bloom, the protagonist of Ulysses.

James Joyce lived for a time in Martello Tower situated beside the Forty Foot bathing place at Sandycove, a small village 7 miles south of Dublin. The opening scene of Joyce's Ulysses is set in this tower, which now hosts a small Joycean museum. Its people celebrate it with readings, music, songs, walking tours, and of course eating and drinking.


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domingo, 14 de junio de 2015

TROPPING THE COLOUR 2014 - 14th JUNE

What is The Trooping Colour?
The official birthday of Queen Elizabeth II is marked each year by a military parade and march-past, known as Trooping the Colour (Carrying of the Flag). The official name is “the Queen’s Birthday Parade”.
Each June, the Queen and other members of the Royal Family attend the Trooping the Colour ceremony on Horse Guards Parade, Whitehall in London. The Queen attends the ceremony to take the salute from thousands of guardsmen who parade the Colour (their regiment's flag).

It is only the Foot Guards of the Household Division that take part in the Queen’s Birthday Parade, with the exception of the King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery, (based in St. John’s Wood). The Kings Troop, parade round with the Household Cavalry after the Foot Guards have trooped the Colour in slow and quick time.

The Sovereign's Official Birthday
The Queen's birthday parade is the biggest royal event of the year. In 1748, the celebration of the official birthday of the sovereign was amalgamated (merged) with the Trooping the Colour.
The Trooping the Colour is tradition going back to the days when the Colours (regimental flag of the regiment) was trooped in front of soldiers to make sure everyone could recognise their flag in battle.
The Colours today are trooped in front of the Queen troops of the Household Division (Foot Guards and Household Cavalry)
Parade Route
The parade route goes from Buckingham Palace along The Mall to Horseguards Parade, Whitehall and back again.

FLAG DAY 14th JUNE - USA

On 14 June 1777, the Continental Congress approved the design of the Stars and Stripes as the official flag of the U.S. The first Flag Act was passed on this day stating that "the flag of the United States be made of thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation."
Between 1777 and 1960, US Congress passed several acts that changed the shape, design and arrangement of the flag and allowed for additional stars and stripes to be added to reflect the admission of each new state.
Today the flag consists of thirteen horizontal stripes, seven red alternating with 6 white. The stripes represent the original 13 colonies, the stars represent the 50 states of the Union.

What do the colours red, white and blue represent?

The colours of the flag are symbolic as well: Red symbolizes Hardiness and Valour, White symbolizes Purity and Innocence and Blue represents Vigilance, Perseverance and Justice.

What do the fifty stars represent today?
Today the number of stars on the US flag has grown to 50 from the original 13. Since 1818, the stars have represented every state in the Union.

What do the thirteen stripes represent?
They represented the thirteen American colonies which rallied around the new flag in their fight against the British for self-governance.

The thirteen colonies included Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Virginia. 

lunes, 18 de mayo de 2015

REPORTED SPEECH

Reported Speech

REPORTED SPEECH - ONLINE EXERCISES

Try these exercises online to revise Reported Speech.

Reported Speech exercises
Reported Speech 2 exercises
Reported Speech 3 exercises
Reported1
Reportedspeech/statements
Change to Reported Speech
Reported Speech/commands
Reported Speech Questions
Reported Speech sentences
Reported Speech sentences 2
Reported Speech sentences 3
She said.... He said....
Reported Speech Quiz

REPORTED SPEECH






Reported Speech Exercises
1 / 2 / 3 / 4




THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SAY AND TELL




Reporting Verbs "Say / tell / ask" Exercises


REPORTED SPEECH EXERCISES

Here you have several exercises to practise Reported Speech:


REPORTED SPEECH 2

REPORTED SPEECH LISTENING




SAY, TELL, ASK

INTERNATIONAL MUSEUM DAY_18 MAY 2915

Each year’s International Museum Day theme is proposed by ICOM’s network and aims to promote museum issues within society.

In 2015, the event will celebrate the theme:Museums for a sustainable society.

One of the most important contemporary challenges shared by people all over the world is to adapt new ways of living and developing within the limits of nature. This transition towards a sustainable society requires inventing new methods of thinking and acting. Museums play a key role in this transition, promoting sustainable development and serving as real laboratories for best practices. Modern museums must take a strong position in this context and make their voices heard.
The theme Museums for a sustainable society recognises the role of museums in raising public awareness about the need for a society that is less wasteful, more cooperative and uses resources in a way that respects living systems.

Bringing museums to the forefront of this model of a sustainable society, the International Museum Day theme aims to foster awareness among the whole society about the current consequences of human action in our planet and the absolute necessity of changing its economic and social model. 

sábado, 9 de mayo de 2015

EUROPE DAY - 9th MAY


Cartoon of a man and woman running pulling along items such as a plaster and a graduate cap suspended above them like balloons
On 9 May 1950, Robert Schuman, the first President of the European Parliamentary Assembly, presented his proposal on the creation of an organised Europe, indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations.

This proposal, known as the 'Schuman declaration', is considered to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union. Today, 9 May has become Europe Day, which is the occasion for activities and festivities that bring Europe closer to its citizens and the peoples of the Union closer to one another.
                 

EUROPEAN FLAG



EUROPEAN ANTHEM

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viernes, 8 de mayo de 2015

PREPOSITIONS: IN, ON, AT

Do you know how to use these prepositions?


 








SPEAK ON THE TELEPHONE

Common phrases to help you speak politely on the telephone in English



SONG: FOUR FIVE SECONDS_RIHANNA


Rihanna and Kanye play two lovers talking, most likely at night, possibly to each other, possibly to themselves. We don’t even know if they’re in the same place at the same time. Rihanna’s been drinking but if Kanye has, we don’t hear about it. It’s unclear who’s done what to whom, but they’re both wound up. Things aren’t going well — Rihanna might wild out, Kanye might go to jail. The guitar chords resolve but the song does not. The combined length of Rihanna’s first verse and hook is forty-five seconds. The single’s cover reads “Four Five Seconds” in Braille. Since it’s release, the song has peaked at number four on the Hot 100, becoming Rihanna’s 26th top ten song, McCartney’s 23rd (not counting his 34 with the Beatles), and West’s 15th. With this new song, McCartney now holds the record for longest time between top tens — with 29 years between this and “Spies Like Us”, which reached the top ten on February 8th, 1986.





 


[Verse 1: Rihanna]
I think I've had enough
I might get a little drunk
I say what's on my mind
I might do a little time

Cause all of my kindness
Is taken for weakness


[Hook 1: Rihanna]
Now I'm FourFiveSeconds from wildin'
And we got three more days 'til Friday
I'm just tryna make it back home by Monday mornin'
I swear I wish somebody would tell me
Ooh, that's all I want


[Verse 2: Kanye West]
Woke up an optimist
Sun was shinin', I'm positive
Then I heard you was talkin' trash
Hold me back, I'm 'bout to spaz


[Hook 2: Rihanna and Kanye]
Yeah, 'bout FourFiveSeconds from wildin'
And we got three more days ‘til Friday
I’m tryna make it back home by Monday mornin'
I swear I wish somebody would try me
Ooh, that’s all I want


[Bridge: Rihanna]
And I know that you're up tonight
Thinkin', "How could I be so selfish?"
But you called 'bout a thousand times
Wondering where I've been
Now I know that you're up tonight
Thinkin' "How could I be so reckless?"
But I just can't apologize
I hope you can understand


[Verse 3: Kanye West]
If I go to jail tonight
Promise you'll pay my bail
See they want to buy my pride
But that just ain't up for sale

See all of my kindness
Is taken for weakness


karaoke version

miércoles, 6 de mayo de 2015

ENGLISH SONGS: ELEANOR McEVOY -Only a woman's heart

Artist: Eleanor McEvoy & Mary Black
Tittle: ONLY A WOMAN’S HEART


My heart is low, my heart is so low
As only a woman's heart can be
As only a woman's, as only a woman's
As only a woman's heart can know

The tears that drip
From my bewildered eyes
Taste of bitter sweet romance
You're still in my hopes
You're still on my mind
And even though I manage on my own

(Chorus)

My heart is low, my heart is so low
As only a woman's heart can be
As only a woman's, as only a woman's
As only a woman's heart can know

When restless eyes
Reveal my troubled soul
And memories flood my weary heart
I mourn for my dreams
I mourn for my wasted love
And while I know that I'll survive alone
(Chorus)

My heart is low, my heart is so low
As only a woman's heart can be
As only a woman's, as only a woman's
As only a woman's heart can know

My heart is low, my heart is so low
As only a woman's heart can be
As only a woman's, as only a woman's
As only a woman's heart can know

WATCH VIDEO AND SING! Eleanor McEvoy - only a woman's heart

ANOTHER LINK TO LISTEN AND READ LYRICS

lunes, 4 de mayo de 2015

THE MAY CROSSES FESTIVAL

May Crosses

domingo, 3 de mayo de 2015

THE MAY CROSS FESTIVAL


During the month of May, the people of Spain create thousands of crosses, decorated with flowers. These floral works of art are displayed in gardens, churches, patios and in the streets. These are made to celebrate the Festival de la Cruz de Mayo (The May Cross Festival).


This festival takes place all over Spain and each province has its own styles and characteristics. They are usually richly ornamented and often consist of more than 300 carnations.

ORIGINS 
Religiously, the festival is rooted in the search by the Byzantine Empress Saint Helena for the cross on which Jesus died, but the popular traditions connected to the festival certainly originate from pagan traditions brought to Spain by the Roman Empire.
The legend is that Emperor Constantine I, in the sixth year of his reign, confronted the barbarians on the banks of the Danube, in a battle where victory was believed to be impossible because of the great size of the enemy army. One night, Constantine had a vision of a cross in the sky, and by it the words "In hoc signo vincis" (With this sign, you shall be victorious). The emperor had a cross made and put it at the front of his army, which won an easy victory over the enemy multitude. On returning to the city and learning the significance of the cross, Constantine was baptized as a Christian and gave orders to construct Christian churches. He sent his mother, Saint Helena, to Jerusalem in search of the True Cross, the cross on which Jesus died. Once there, Helena summoned the wisest priests to aid in her attempt to find the cross. On Calvary Hill, traditionally considered the site of Jesus's crucifixion, she found three bloody logs hidden. In order to discover which was the True Cross, she placed the logs one by one over sick people, and even dead people, who were cured or resuscitated at the touch of the True Cross. The veneration of the True Cross, and the use of pieces of the True Cross as relics, begins at this time. Santa Helena died praying for all believers in Christ to celebrate the commemoration of the day the Cross was found.


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WITH LOVE ON MOTHER'S DAY






Sometimes children do learn the lessons they get from mothers and these lessons stay with them all their lives:



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viernes, 1 de mayo de 2015

INTERNATIONAL WORKERS' DAY - 1ST MAY


Around the world, on May 1st, millions of men, women, and children will flood the streets of towns and cities, waving flags and joyously hurling songs to the sky. Laughing, marching, chanting, cheering. All over the globe masses of people will join for one day across national, racial, religious, and linguistic boundaries to celebrate the greatest of supranational secular holidays: International Workers.


May Day was created as a celebration of the struggle of American Workers. International Workers Day is the commemoration of the Haymarket Massacre in Chicago in 1886, when Chicago police fired on and killed workers during a general strike for the Eight Hour Day.

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MAY DAY

The first day of the month of May is known as May Day. It is the time of year when warmer weather begins and flowers and trees start to blossom. It is said to be a time of love and romance. It is when people celebrate the coming of summer with lots of different customs that are expressions of joy and hope after a long winter.
Traditional English May Day celebrations include Morris dancing, crowning a May Queen and dancing around a Maypole.

The beginning of Summer
Although summer does not officially begin until June, May Day marks its beginning. May Day celebrations have their origins in the Roman festival of Flora, goddess of fruit and flowers, which marked the beginning of summer. It was held annually from April 28th to May 3rd.


jueves, 30 de abril de 2015

THE BOOK FAIR IN MALAGA 30th APRIL - 10th MAY

cartel2015_feriadellibro
At Palmeral de las Sorpresas (Palm Garden of Surprises) at the Port takes place during 10 days the 45th edition of the Malaga Book Fair, with book signings, the latest releases, gatherings, storytelling … a perfect location next to the sea and close to the centre for a stroll or enjoying a coffee.

When: From April 30 to May 10
Where: Malaga Port, Palmeral de las Sorpresas
How to get therehttps://goo.gl/maps/ITq7r




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jueves, 23 de abril de 2015

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE





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MIGUEL DE CERVANTES SAAVEDRA'S LIFE

No name is more associated with Spanish literature — and perhaps with classic literature in general — than that of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. He was the author of El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha, which is sometimes referred to as the first European novel and which has been translated into nearly every major language, making it one of the most widely distributed books after the Bible.



WORLD BOOK DAY

World Book and Copyright Day - April 23
By celebrating this Day throughout the world, UNESCO seeks to promote reading, publishing and the protection of intellectual property through copyright.
23 April: a symbolic date for world literature for on this date and in the same year of 1616, Cervantes and Shakespeare all died. It was a natural choice for UNESCO's General Conference to pay a world-wide tribute to books and authors on this date, encouraging everyone, and in particular young people, to discover the pleasure of reading and gain a renewed respect for the irreplaceable contributions of those who have furthered the social and cultural progress of humanity.

The idea for this celebration originated in Catalonia where on 23 April, Saint George's Day, a rose is traditionally given as a gift for each book sold. St. George's day is celebrated in and around Catalonia and has been celebrated since 1436. He is the patron Saint of Catalonia.
In Catalonia St. George's day coincides with the Fair of the Book and the Rose. On this day every man offers a rose to his loved one (wife or fiancée), and in return she gives him a book. The book is in memory of Cervantes. This custom was started in 1926, to commemorate Cervantes death (author of "Don Quixote").

Get information about Shakespeare and Cervantes and do the test.
Good luck!



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