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viernes, 4 de mayo de 2012

VERB TENSES

Every language in the world has verb tenses. These tenses, which refer to the present, past, and future, explain when something — such as an action, event, or state -– happened. The problem is that although all languages have verb tenses, not all languages have the same verb tenses or use them in a similar way. 
The charts below provide a quick reference to help you understand the tenses in English more easily:
  • Chart 1 lists each English tense and explains when to use it.
  • Chart 2 gives an example of each tense, in active and passive form.
Overview of English Verb Tenses
Present SimpleUsage:general action, habitual action, general truth
Example:I work in a hospital.
Present Continuous
Present Progressive
Usage:ongoing or temporary action
Example:Sorry, I can’t talk right now. I am working.
Past SimpleUsage:completed action or condition
Example:I worked for ten hours yesterday.
Past Continuous
Past Progressive
Usage:past ongoing action, past interrupted action
Example:I was working on my project when you called.
FutureUsage:planned or unplanned future action
Example:I will work at the main branch next week.
Present PerfectUsage:action that happened at an indefinite time in the past and continues to the present
Example:I have worked at the bank for three years.
Past PerfectUsage:past action that happened before another past action.
Example:I had already worked for several years before I got married.
Future PerfectUsage:future action that will happen before another future action
Example:I will have worked here for five years next July.
Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect Progressive
Usage:past action that started in the past and continues to the present
Example:I have been working on that project for the last two weeks.
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Progressive
Usage:past ongoing action that was completed before some other past action
Example:I had been sleeping at my desk when my boss fired me.
Future Perfect Continuous
Future Perfect Progressive
Usage:future ongoing action that will occur before another action
Example:I will have been working here for ten years tomorrow, so we’re having a party.

Examples of English Verb Tenses
Verb TenseExample – ACTIVEExample – PASSIVE
Present SimpleI work.The work is done.
Present Continuous
Present Progressive
I am working.The work is being done.
Past SimpleI worked.The work was done.
Past Continuous
Past Progressive
I was working.The work was being done.
FutureI will work.

I’m going to work.
The work will be done.

The work is going to be done.
Present PresentI have worked.The work has been done.
Past PerfectI had worked.The work had been done.
Future PerfectI will have worked.The work will have been done.
Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect Progressive
I have been working.
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Progressive
I had been working.
Future Perfect Continuous
Future Present Progressive
I will have been working.
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